My ongoing research with various collaborators includes work on the following topics:
The roles of evidence and doubt in remembering
What happens when people discover evidence of experiences that they do not remember? What happens when they are led to doubt whether the events they do remember really happened? How do people resolve that doubt, and how does this process affect their memories?
Our research explores how people respond to credible suggestion, the types of strategies people use for verifying memories, and the motivations that determine which strategies are chosen. We also study the peculiar cases in which people cease believing in a past event, yet continue to remember it.
Receiving and remembering feedback
In many contexts in everyday life - from education, to business, to sport - people receive descriptive feedback from others. For this feedback to be at all useful, people must attend to it and be able to remember it at a later time. Very little research, though, has explored the attentional and memory processes involved in receiving feedback.
Our research explores the cognitive processes that determine whether feedback 'sticks' in memory. We attempt to identify and understand the systematic biases that make certain kinds of feedback more easily and accurately remembered than others.
Eyewitness memory and interviewing techniques
The foremost aim of eyewitness interviewing is to gather valuable information without leading the witness to speculate or confabulate. Recent years have seen important new research developments in the field of investigative interviewing techniques, and greater understanding of factors that can determine the quality and quantity of information gathered.
Our research explores social psychological techniques that support memory elicitation, such as rapport-building and witness eyeclosure. We have also conducted research into the gathering of witness reports via a remote (video-mediated) link.